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Bibartan (বিবর্তন)

The glorious 100 years of Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology

1919 - 2019


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Milestone

1919
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The Govt. College of Engineering and Leather Technology (GCELT), pioneer in the field of education and research on Leather Technology was originally started under the name of ‘Calcutta Research Tannery’ in the year 1919 on the recommendation of Munitions Board set up by the Government of India immediately after the first World war with the aim of exploiting indigenous resources of hides, skins and tanning materials for the purpose of production of leather and leather goods and development of leather industry in the country.
1926
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Under this name the Institute was run up to 1926. In 1926, the name was changed to ‘Bengal Tanning Institute’ (B.T.I.) and its main function became training of students in Leather Technology to train suitable technical personnel for leather and allied industries apart from the research work that was in the original programme. During that time, B.T.I. used to conduct Two Years’ Certificate Course in Tanning and One Year Certificate Course in Boot, Shoe and Leather Goods Making for the students passing out Honours graduation in Science. After the establishment of the ‘Bengal Tanning Institute’, there was a change in the leather industry and opportunities were available to the middle class educated youths to take training in leather technology and to start independent career in tanning and shoe business. Various schemes of training have been introduced to cope with the greater needs of all State Governments and Central Government under the Second Five-Year Plan. Students passing out of this College have been absorbed in those schemes. Till the inception of the Institute, very few of the employment potentialities in leather industries have been exploited in spite of the fact that India is one of the foremost producers of raw hides and skins in the world and our state also potentially contributes to the share of India. The prospect of technical and industrial careers in different leather industries has not so far been adequately recognized. This institute took a lead to train the people of our State so that they can create new avenues of employment and thus contribute to solve the unemployment crisis of Bengal. This College also undertook various programmes for the overall development of tanning and footwear industry of West Bengal by implementing several schemes from different departments of the State Government as well as Central Government too.
1943
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In 1943, the Institute became affiliated to the Calcutta University with the introduction of a Three Years’ Certificate Course in Tanning, admitting students who passed the Intermediate in Science examination.
1955
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In August 1955 this college was affiliated to the Calcutta University for imparting training in B.Sc. (Tech) course in Leather Technology and it has been recognized as a professional college under the University of Calcutta. The latest development and new schemes undertaken by this college have turned it into a big organisation in the field of Leather Technology, the like of which was not found in any other part of India.
1958
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During the year 1958, January the Institute has been renamed as College of Leather Technology and it has five different regular courses of training, namely – 1. Three Years’ B.Sc. (Tech) course in Leather Technology 2. Two Years’ certificate course in boot, shoe and leather goods manufacture 3. One Year Artisan course in footwear and leather goods manufacture 4. One Year Artisan course in tanning 5. One Year Artisan course for girls in art leather works and taxidermy Beside these, there are refresher courses for training of boys sent by leather and footwear industry and casual training course in tanning footwear, flaying etc. After conversion into College of Leather Technology it has got three divisions, namely 1. Academic Division under a Vice-Principal 2. Development and Production Division under an Assistant Director of Industries (Leather) 3. Statistical and Marketing Division under the Industrial Statistics and Marketing Officer During the First and Second Five-Year Plans many new departments of the Institute have been opened and many new schemes have been implemented for general development of footwear industry in the state of West Bengal.
1962
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The Three Year B.Sc. (Tech) course ended in the year 1961 and from the year 1962, a Four-Year Integrated Degree course started in Leather Technology by the University of Calcutta.
1968
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Originally, the Government of West Bengal through its Directorate of Industry and Agriculture was running the college to furnish personnel trained in Leather Technology to the leather industry and leather research organizations etc. It was then transferred to the Commerce, Industries and Labour department and in August, 1968 it has been transferred to the department of Education, Govt. of West Bengal with the object of introducing higher technical education in Leather Science.
1990
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A Four years’ B. Sc. (Tech) degree Course in Leather Technology of the Calcutta University with an intake capacity of 15 students every year upto the year 1990 changes into a B. Tech degree course in Leather Technology with an intake capacity of 30 students.
2000
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The mono disciplinary College dimensionally changes into a multi disciplinary one. Of late, two new disciplines in B. Tech. level namely, Information Technology (IT) in 2000
2001
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Computer Science and Engineering (CS) in 2001 have been introduced.
2005
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A long cherished Two Years’ Master degree course in Leather Technology under the same West Bengal University of Technology (WBUT) got the affiliation of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to start and run from the year of 2005 with an intake capacity of 25 students (both GATE qualified and Non-GATE as well). Initially, non departmental students also are allowed to be admitted to the said course. A modern range of quality analytical instruments and a very much modern set up of a Biotechnology laboratory with a newly formed Polymer Technology laboratory amalgamated with experienced departmental faculty and Emeritus Professors from IIT, Kharagpur as visiting faculty are the key to run the nascent course of M. Tech in Leather Technology under the auspices of West Bengal University of Technology (WBUT), Salt Lake, Kolkata.